Website Design & Development Sunshine Coast

Website development terminology

ANCHOR
A means of associating one object with another. If you click on hypertext on a web page that links you to another place. That hypertext is ‘anchored’ to the link.
BROWSER ADDRESS BAR
The browser address bar is the section in your browser (eg. Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari) where you can see http:// followed by the website URL. It is located almost at the very top of the browser window. It is NOT the google search bar where you might type in some keywords to find a website. For example, if I asked you to go to “http://www.undesign.com.au/contact.php” you would type it in your browser address bar.
CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CMS)
Is a program or suite of programs to allow the easy update of web pages with little technical knowledge at all. No HTML coding is generally required. Web sites have to be set up to allow CMS updates. Wordpress is the leading website CMS.
CSS
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet, a programming language used to control how information is presented on a web page. For example, a CSS file can be set to control the colour, size and font used to display text on a web page. A CSS file enables repetitive code to be separated from the structure of a web page to enable the page to load faster and for the formatting of styles to be made at one central location. CSS files also allow for greater flexibility when presenting information on different devices: for example CSS can display a webpage differently on screen (in different browsers and platforms), when printed, and on mobile devices.
DOMAIN REGISTRATION
The process of registering a domain name. A domain name registrar manages domain names.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A way to quickly transfer files across a network from one location to another.
HOME PAGE
The front page of your website. This is the page that viewers usually see first.
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language. A standardised computer code to describe the formatting of information for display. It is imbedded in all “source” web documents, and contains the textual content, images, and links to other documents.
IP ADDRESS
(Internet Protocol number or address). A unique number consisting of four parts separated by dots, e.g. 192.168.0.1 Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP address.
KEYWORD(S) AND KEYPHRASES
A word searched for in a search engine. Multiple keywords separated by spaces form a key phrase (or search phrase) when typed into a search engine.
META TAG
Meta tags are HTML codes that are inserted into the header on a web page. The code provides information to web browsers and search engines about the content of the web page. Despite popular belief, meta tags (such as the meta description tag and meta keyword tag) do not provide a guaranteed way to gain a top ranking on search engines. However they do provide a useful way to control how some search engines describe web pages.
Blog
A blog (short for “web log”) is a type of web page that acts as a public diary or journal. They tend to be more informal than other web pages, and often updated with personal reflections on a topic. The accuracy of the content in blogs varies widely.
BROWSER CACHE
A cache is a storage area on your computer of past content that you have viewed on your browser. When you view a web page, all the text and graphics get downloaded to your cache for viewing. If you should view the same page again later, then you don’t have to download the content again as it can be read directly from your ‘cache’. Often it is necessary to ‘refresh’ your cache, so it forces your browser to update the content from the website rather than reading it directly from your computer.
COOKIE
Information returned from a web server computer, and then stored by your browser on your computer. Cookies are used to store customized information about a website so that web pages are more personal to your interests.
DOMAIN NAME
These are human friendly ways of linking an easily to remember text name to a harder to remember numeric IP address. The Domain Name / IP address combinations are stored in huge directories on domain name servers. Using the IP address pointed to by a domain name you can then find a computer on the internet or network. An example of an IP address converted into text is newwebdesign.com.au
ECOMMERCE
Electronic commerce. Also known as eCommerce or e-business. E-commerce refers to conducting business online. It commonly refers to displaying products or services online, and allowing visitors to purchase those products or services in a safe manner—usually through a payment gateway.
GIF
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a common file format for image files, often used on the web. GIFs can be static or animated. Animated GIFs are often used as banner ads. Like JPG image files, GIF images are compressed to reduce the file size. GIF file format is best used for images few distinct colors (with areas that are all exactly the same color) such as logos.
HOST, HOSTING
A Computer that delivers files and web pages to browsers or other computer clients. Websites are located on a host (computer) directly connected to the Internet.
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol. A programming language used by the web to share and display information on web pages.
ISP OR INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER
A company that sells a service that allows you to connect to the Internet via DSL, cable, modem, or satellite. Most offer you an email address, and can also offer you the ability to create a personal web page.
LINK
The URL imbedded in another document, so that if you click on the highlighted text or button referring to the link, you retrieve the outside URL.
GIF
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a common file format for image files, often used on the web. GIFs can be static or animated. Animated GIFs are often used as banner ads. Like JPG image files, GIF images are compressed to reduce the file size. GIF file format is best used for images few distinct colors (with areas that are all exactly the same color) such as logos.